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Glossary of terms used in SEN

Annual Review

yearly meeting with professionals and parents to discuss a child's progress and review targets/strategies set within a child's Statement or Educational Health Care Plan
ASD - Autistic Spectrum Disorder 
A Neurological Development disorder affecting social interaction, social communication and flexibility of thought.
CAF - Common Assessment Framework
A process which involves getting all professionals together to discuss the needs of the child.
DLA - Disability Living Allowance
Funding available to help children and adults who's needs are greater than average and require additional funding to pay for mobility or care.
EHCP - Education Health Care Plan - legal document replacing Statements of SEN which outline the pupil's strengths and areas of difficulty and clearly state the support that is needed in school and outcomes for the pupil to work towards
IEP - Individual Education Plan
A document drawn up by school staff to address the needs of the child with SEN by setting targets and putting into place strategies to help. All children with SEN should have an IEP in place which is reviewed at least twice yearly.
Learning Dissability
‘Learning disability includes the presence of: significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information, to learn new skills (impaired intelligence), with; a reduced ability to cope independently (impaired social functioning); which started before adulthood, with a lasting effect on development.
MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulty
OT - Occupational therapist
Assesses children for motor and sensory difficulties and puts into place interventions to support difficulties.
P.E.C.S - Picture Exchange Communication System
Communication system using symbols to help children to initiate communication.
PMLD - Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulty.
Portage - A home-visiting service for pre-school children with additional needs.
SALT - Speech and Language Therapist
Works with children who have or may have a speech and language difficulty
School Action
Stage one of the SEN register within school. A child is placed on School Action when staff believe they need support in addition to what is required for their age.
School Action Plus
Stage two of the SEN regisiter. A child is put onto School Action Plus by staff in schools when staff believe that they need the input from outside agencies such as Speech and Language Therapists, Educational Psychologists and Learning/behaviour support teachers. Under the new legislations there will be no School Action Plus.
SENCO - Special Needs Co-ordinator
Member of staff within school who over-sees all Special Needs provision
SEBD - Social, Emotional Behavioural Difficulty
Difficulty which results in a child being unable to control certain aspects of behvaiour. This could include difficulty with: Anger, social skills, appropriate classroom behaviour etc.
SENDIST - Special Educational Needs and Disability Service Tribunal
Independent body in place to hear parental appeals over all SEN matters including refual to assess for a statutory assessment, refusal to issue a statement, school choice disagreements etc.
SLD - Severe Learning Difficulty
SpLD - Specific Learning Difficulty (sometimes known as Dyslexia)
A difficulty that is present in one specific are of academic need.
Statement of Special Educational Needs
A legal document which sets out the needs of the child who has severe and complex needs. New SEN government legislation has changed statements to Education and Health Care Plans. This are set to come into effect in September 2014 with all current statements being switched across either at the child's next keystage transition or within the next three years. Information about the new system can be found here within the new SEN Code of Practice.

Tel. 07702808338

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